The first basketball game was played in Springfield, MA in 1891. Dr. James Naismith, a Physical Education Porfessor at the YMCA in Springfield, MA needed to keep his sutdents active on a rainy day – but no suitable indoor sport yet existed. Naismith nailed a Peach basket to the wall and created the game we now know as Basketball.
To honor Naismith’s invention of the game, the Basketball Hall Of Fame is located in Springfield, Massachusetts. Massachusetts’ professional team, the Boston Celtics, is the winningest franchise in NBA history with 17 Championships (as of Jan 2012).